James Ward (1843-1925) was an English psychologist and philosopher who exerted a major influence on the development of psychology in Great Britain. After completing his theological studies at Spring Hill College (later Mansfield College), Oxford in 1869, he obtained a one-year scholarship at the university of Göttingen and began studying under Rudolf Hermann Lotze, champion of the emerging science of physiological psychology. On his return to England he became minister at Emmanuel Congregational Church in Cambridge, where his theological liberalism made him unpopular. He subsequently resigned as minister to continue studies at Trinity College, Cambridge, where he became a fellow in 1875. He was elected to the new Chair of Mental Philosophy and Logic at Cambridge in 1897, where G. E. Moore and Bertrand Russell were among his students. Ward was opposed to associationism, and together with G.F. Stout introduced a functionalistic approach in psychology.